What is composting and recycling: Differences and benefits？
When talking about the sustainability of an article, we often hear in the same discussion recycling and composting. However, composting is better than recycling? What is the difference and common ground? Each has its place in the sustainable development of the future. This article explores how to do this.
What are composting and recycling?
Many of us are listening to the "reduce, reuse and recycle" grow up. There are two r is added to the word: "Refuse" and "Rot". "Refuse" is not always possible, but more and more people begin to accept the expression "rot the rubbish". This is the origin of the compost.
Compost need to organic waste, such as the garbage and food waste into compost in the yard. Composting is a kind of nutritious decaying organic matter, is a kind of perfect soil conditioner and garden fertilizer. The process need to damp and hot, aerobic conditions to destroy pathogens and concentrated nutrition.
Composting can compost heap in the family in, there are rich in nitrogen green garbage and carbon-rich brown garbage. In addition, food particles and organic materials under controlled conditions in the commercial composting facilities in the decomposition. Fortunately, there is a growing number of commercial and residential compost collection projects and facilities.
Recycling is to plastics, paper, metal and glass from the original form into the process of raw materials. Objects are collected, classified, cleaning, melting, and then sold as recycled raw materials. In the end, they have become the new products, such as aluminum cans, plastic bottles, newspapers, and more and more products, such as carpet, insulation materials, shoes and clothes.
How Much Trash is Actually Composted and Recycled?
We get rid of all the things need to go somewhere. Generally there are four options: landfill, incinerator, materials recovery facility (MRF), or industrial or home composting system. We hope that as far as possible avoid landfills and incinerators, because they will release toxins, but how many truly be composting or recycling garbage?
According to the United States environmental protection agency (EPA), the United States each year to produce 292.4 million tons of solid waste. Among them, about 94 million tons of recycled or composted. Broken down into 25 million tons of compost, the remaining 69 million tons be recycled. This means that nearly 185 million tonnes of solid waste eventually entered into a landfill or incinerator.
The good news is, compost and recovery has improved in recent decades. 1990 years ago, compost is seldom used to deal with rubbish. In addition, the recovery rate also rose from less than 7% in 1960 to 32% now. Although consumers about composting and recycling accessibility and education need to improve, including the confusion of the recycling symbol, but the United States environmental protection agency (epa) to realize the importance of them.
Benefits of Recycling vs Benefits of Composting
The advantages of the benefits of recycling and composting
The benefits of recycling and composting are obvious. When we recycle, we save energy and resources saving, curb pollution and reduce the demand for new raw materials, and create jobs.
It is important to note that most of the recycled product is actually "downgrade recycling", or become the material of low quality. For example, plastic bottles can be used as a carpet or winter coat padding. To some extent, the quality of this material is very low, so that can't be recycled. In most cases, the plastic can be recycled once or twice, and then thrown into a landfill.
Compost also has a lot of benefits to the environment. When we composting, we also save energy and protect the natural resources, curb pollution, increase domestic security and create jobs. In addition, the compost helps to reduce the demand for fossil fuel based fertilizers. It also supports the beneficial bacteria and fungi in production, and to reduce methane emissions associated with landfills.
Most importantly, compost helps soil fertile, this is crucial, because the earth a lot of land degradation. Fertile soil loss of speed is 24 billion tons per year. By keeping moisture and nutrients, composting can maintain long-term influence farmland soil and support the food web.
How much trash can be recycled or composted?
The epa estimates that 75% of America's waste is recyclable or compostable. The bottom line is that we need to do more in these two aspects.
It's hard to say which one is better, because composting and recycling is applicable to different types of products. Due to the limitations of recycling and recycling symbol confusion, and recovery process of energy demand, composting are generally considered to be a more environmentally friendly choice.
Waste disposal options
Can recycling, compost or item to landfills
So how do you know what is compostable, what is recycled, what is a landfill?
Items that can be recycled:
According to the epa, the following are some of the most common recycled items:
Glass bottle and glass bottle
Plastic bottles and caps
Cardboard and cardboard boxes
Newspapers and confetti
Aluminium cans and tin cans
Once again, the United States environmental protection agency (epa) to make sure which products can compost is easy:
Fruits and vegetables
Coffee grounds and filter
Shell & in short
Cardboard and paper
Grass clippings and yard waste
Hay and straw
Sawdust and wood chips
Compostable food packaging can also be sent to the commercial composting facilities. In some cases, they may be a family compost.
Items that should be sent to landfill:
Here are some items can't recycle or compost, should throw out:Pet Waste
Food-Soiled Paper Products (Greasy Pizza Boxes)
Non-recyclable Plastics (Bags, Films, Wrappers)
Paper or Metal items mixed with plastic
Polystyrene (Foam Cups & Packaging)
Textiles & Toys (if they can’t be recycled)
The Five Rs
Products of alternative use downstream
Let's go back to the five "r" : refuse, reduce, reuse, recycle and decay.
We are starting to see "refuse" and "reuse" became popular in the mainstream culture. Due to the car rental Shared applications and tools and equipment's local program, to buy the product says "no" is becoming more and more easy.
Let us use again goods, to reduce the number of new manufacturing plan even more power. Under the impetus of the generation Z, resale activity is on the rise. Fashion and cool social media make frugal clothes and accessories, sustainable and affordable. Data show that by 2029, frugality will more than fast fashion, frugality has become an industry worth $28 billion.
The end of the composting and recycling
The popularity of reusing items is a good sign, the increase of nationwide commercial composting facilities is also a good sign. As people become more and more aware of the impact of our consumption, limited contribution to landfills and incinerators method is also more and more.
More and more people have realized that there is something wrong with the use of compostable materials instead of plastic and the material impact on the environment. We should limit the number of waste generated in the us, rather than focus on compost bin and recycling bins.
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